Products > Optimize Reagents > Optimize - Buffers > Ammonium hydroxide

Ammonium hydroxide


  • Crystallization grade Ammonium hydroxide for altering drop and reservoir pH


  • Sterile filtered
  • Formulated in Type 1+ ultrapure water: 18.2 megaohm-cm resistivity at 25°C, < 5 ppb Total Organic Carbon, bacteria free (<1 Bacteria (CFU/ml)), pyrogen free (<0.03 Endotoxin (EU/ml)), RNase-free (< 0.01 ng/mL) and DNase-free (< 4 pg/µL)


Ammonium hydroxide

Synonyms: Ammonia aqueous, Ammonia water
CAS Number [1336-21-6]
Mr 35.05
Beilstein Registry Number 3587154
EC Number 215-647-6
MDL Number MFCD00066650

See the pdf Using Volatile Buffers for a novel crystallization methodology using acetic acid and ammonium hydroxide to adjust drop pH and induce crystallization.




5.2 M Ammonium hydroxide


10 mL



Support Material(s)

Certificate Of Analysis

Related Item(S)


1. Preparation and analysis of protein crystals. Alexander McPherson, 1982, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., printed by Krieger Publishing. Chapter 4, Crystallization.

2. Current approaches to macromolecular crystallization. Alexander McPherson, Eur. J. Biochem. 189, 1-23 (1990).

3. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of the engrailed homeodomain and of an engrailed homeodomain/DNA complex. Liu et al, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 171, No. 1, 1990, pages 257-259.

4. Changes of pH during Biomacromolecule Crystallization by Vapor Diffusion using Ammonium Sulfate as the Precipitant. Mikol et al, J. Appl. Cryst. (1989). 22, 155-161.

5. A Double Cell for Controlling Nucleation and Growth of Protein Crystals. Maria Przybylska, J. Appl. Cryst. (1989). 22, 115-118.

6. Crystallization of butyrate kinase 2 from Thermotoga maritima mediated by vapor diffusion of acetic acid. Diao et al, Acta Cryst. (2003). D59, 1100±1102.

7. The preparation and crystallization of Fab fragments of a family of mouse esterolytic catalytic antibodies and their complexes with a transition-state analogue. Muranova et al, Acta Cryst. (2001). D57, 1192±1195.